Eurypharynx pelecanoides, Pelican eel

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Eurypharynx pelecanoides Vaillant, 1882

Pelican eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Eurypharynx pelecanoides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eurypharynx pelecanoides (Pelican eel)
Eurypharynx pelecanoides
Picture by Orlov, A.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Saccopharyngiformes (Swallowers and gulpers) > Eurypharyngidae (Gulpers)
Etymology: Eurypharynx: Greek, eurys = long + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Vaillant.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien bathypelagisch; diepteverspreiding 500 - 7625 m (Ref. 58426), usually 1200 - 1400 m (Ref. 559).   Deep-water; 0°C - ; 67°N - 56°N, 180°W - 180°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Circumglobal: In tropical to temperate waters. Eastern Pacific: ranges from northern California to Peru (Ref. 35600).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 27000); common length : 55.0 cm NG mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5755)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0. Mouth greatly enlarged by a backward extension of jaws, gape comprising half or more of preanal length; buccal cavity greatly distensible. Tail attenuated and ending in an expanded, luminous caudal organ. Caudal fin absent; scales absent; lateral line without pores, instead with groups of elevated tubules.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Meso- to abyssopelagic (Ref. 58302) and bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Adults feed mainly on crustaceans, but also take fishes, cephalopods, and other invertebrates (Ref. 2850, 11041). Oviparous, planktonic eggs hatch into planktonic leptocephalus larvae (Ref. 6719, 35600). Degenerative changes in males and females suggest semelparity (Ref. 35600).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous (Ref. 35600). Degenerative changes in males and females suggest semelparity (Ref. 35600). Egg cells within each of the gonads have the same developmental stage (monocyclic ovaries) suggesting only one spawning during its lifetime or periodic spawning (Ref. 36055).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Nielsen, J.G. and E. Bertelsen, 1990. Eurypharyngidae. p. 206. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4457)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 May 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.3 - 5.5, mean 3.6 °C (based on 890 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.56 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Assuming semelparity with tm>10).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .