Hippocampus biocellatus, False-eyed seahorse

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Hippocampus biocellatus Kuiter 2001

False-eyed seahorse
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Hippocampus biocellatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335);  biocellatus: From the Latin bi meaning two, and ocellus meaning eye, in reference to the double eye-like spot on its back.

Issue
This species is a synonym of Hippocampus planifrons Peters, 11877 according to Lourie et al., 2016 (Ref. 115213). This species record will be removed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 0 - 20 m (Ref. 42735).   亞熱帶的

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Eastern Indian Ocean: known only from the Shark Bay region of Western Australia.
東印度洋: 已知只來自西澳大利亞的鯊魚灣區域了。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm OT 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 42735)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 22-23; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 4 - 5. Anal fin rays divided at base; tail rings 36-38; subdorsal spines 4/0,0,1,1 or 5/0,0,1,1,1; nose ridge slightly raised, without a spine; spine above eyes moderately large, angled back and laterally outward; lateral head spine moderately large and recurved; coronet slightly raised, apex with 5 blunt diverging spines; upper shoulder-ring spine of small to moderate size, situated beside gill openings; central shoulder-ring spine of moderate size and directed laterally outward; superior trunk and tail ridges with broad thorn-like blunt spines, enlarged on some rings, at regular intervals; superior tail ridge with tubercle-like spines of moderate size, angled backward; trunk ridges followed by connecting tail ridges with spines and tubercles becoming gradually smaller posteriorly; lateral line with distinct pores, on trunk rings just above lateral ridge, continuing onto tail to 18th-23rd tail ring, each pore between raised papillae (Ref. 42735).
臀鳍棘条在基底分开; 尾环 36-38; 子背部的棘 4/0,0,1,1 或 5/0,0,1,1,1; 鼻脊些微地升起, 没有棘; 眼睛上方的棘普通大的, 背面有角的与侧面地向外; 侧面的头部棘普通大而后弯的; 冠些微地升起,尖顶 5 钝的分开棘; 小到中等大小的上面肩环棘, 位于鳃裂旁边了; 中央的肩环棘中等大小的而且朝向外侧; 上方的躯干与尾部脊有宽的像刺一样的钝棘,在一些环上增大了, 在固定的间隔; 上方的尾部脊有像小瘤一样的棘中等大小的, 后面有角的; 跟随着连接尾部的躯干脊脊有在后部地变得逐渐比较小的棘与小瘤; 侧线有明显的孔, 在躯干环上在延伸到对第 18-第 23个尾环的尾部, 在凸起的乳突之间的每个孔的侧面的脊的正上方.(参考文献 42735)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit shallow algae or weedy reef areas from the intertidal to about 20 m depth (Ref. 42735). Maximum length is based on a straight-line length measurement from upper surface (ignoring spines) of first trunk ring, to tip of tail (Ref. 42735). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

栖息于水浅的藻类或者杂草丛生的礁区从潮间带到大约 20 公尺深度.(参考文献 42735) 最大的长度是以来自第一个躯干环的上表皮 (忽略棘) 的一个直线长度测量为依据, 对尾尖.(参考文献 42735) 卵胎生的.(参考文献 205) 雄鱼带卵在一个孵卵袋是在尾部下面发现.(参考文献 205)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).東印度洋: 已知只來自西澳大利亞的鯊魚灣區域了。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kuiter, R.H., 2001. Revision of the Australian seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Rec. Aus. Mus. 53:293-340. (Ref. 42735)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 123416)


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18 - 23.8, mean 19.2 °C (based on 107 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00176 - 0.01132), b=2.99 (2.77 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .