Morphology Data of Pseudochromis matahari
Identification keys
Main Ref. Gill, A.C., M.V. Erdmann and G.R. Allen, 2009
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Distinguished from all other pseudochromines by the following characters: dorsal-fin rays III,26; anal-fin rays III,16; anal-fin spines moderately slender and weakly pungent, the second spine only slightly stouter than the third; lower lip weakly interrupted at symphysis; and circumpeduncular scales 16. It also has a distinctive live coloration: head orange-brown, becoming bright yellow on lower part of operculum; posterior and ventral part of orbital rim bright yellow, edged posteriorly and ventrally by purple-blue arc; scales of cheek indistinctly edged with mauve; body orange-brown, darker on scale-edges, becoming bright yellow on breast and pectoral-fin base, bright red on abdomen and above anterior anal fin, then dark purplish red on caudal peduncle; dorsal fin golden to orange-brown anteriorly, becoming reddish brown posteriorly, with reddish brown distal margin; 1-3 rows of short, dark reddish brown streaks on middle of soft portion of fin; anal fin dark reddish brown, becoming golden brown over spinous portion of fin, with grey distal margin; caudal fin dark reddish grey basally, abruptly greyish hyaline on distal third of fin, with grey distal margin (Ref. 80681).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Pseudochromis matahari

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 26 - 26
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 16 - 16

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   17 - 17
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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