Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Chaenopsidae
(Pike-, tube- and flagblennies)
Etymology: Acanthemblemaria: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, emblema, -atos, anything that is nailed, knocked in; also anything with bass or high relief (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 12 m (Ref. 13628), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 20°N - 7°N, 177°W - 58°W (Ref. 56277)
Western Central Atlantic: Bahamas and Florida, USA to Curaçao (Ref. 5521). Caribbean, including Antilles (Ref. 26938).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.8, range 2 - ? cm
Max length : 3.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 51458)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits small patch reefs surrounded by white sand (Ref. 5521). Observed primarily on dead surfaces of elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata), but significantly more males than females were found on live coral surfaces. Males occurred twice as frequently as females in the vacated constructed tubes of serpulid worms or vermetid mollusks that provided greater surface for egg deposition (Ref. 47880). Feed mainly on planktonic calanoid copepods (Ref. 94105).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin, 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Ref. 5521)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.1 - 28.4, mean 27.9 °C (based on 269 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00183 - 0.01143), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=4 (aquarium)).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 202 [92, 438] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.987 [0.541, 1.931] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [17, 19] % ; Omega3 = 0.15 [0.07, 0.32] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.9 [7.1, 42.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 546 [162, 1,793] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.31 [1.38, 3.82] mg/100g (wet weight);