Caranx bartholomaei, Yellow jack : fisheries, gamefish

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Caranx bartholomaei Cuvier, 1833

Yellow jack
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Caranx bartholomaei
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical; 42°N - 25°S, 97°W - 7°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA) and Bermuda, through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean to São Paulo, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Eastern Central Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 45.0, range 32 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 14.0 kg (Ref. 26340)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 25-28; Anal spines: 2-3; Anal soft rays: 22 - 25. Upper jaw does not reach to anterior margin of eye. Juveniles have about 5 vertical dark bars on body.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults prefer offshore reefs (Ref. 9710) and open marine waters (Ref. 26938). Juveniles often found near the shore on seagrass beds or often associated jellyfish or floating Sargassum (Ref. 5217). Generally solitary but sometimes seen in small groups (Ref. 26235). They feed on small fishes (Ref. 26235). Spawning occurs offshore from February to October (Ref. 26938). Flavor considered fair to good (Ref. 5521).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)





Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Nutrients
Mass conversion
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Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.8 - 28, mean 26.4 °C (based on 462 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.01259 - 0.03021), b=2.89 (2.77 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec > 7 million eggs).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 12.7 [6.5, 28.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.55 [0.67, 3.33] mg/100g ; Protein = 21 [19, 23] % ; Omega3 = 0.265 [0.142, 0.497] g/100g ; Selenium = 6 [2, 14] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 53.1 [6.2, 415.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.409 [0.207, 0.887] mg/100g (wet weight);