Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Chaenopsidae
(Pike-, tube- and flagblennies)
Etymology: Protemblemaria: Greek, pro = first, in front of + Greek, emblema, -atos, anything that is nailed, knocked in; also anything with bass or high relief (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hildebrand.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 11482), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
Inhabits empty barnacles and mollusk tubes on rocky reefs.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.9 - 29.1, mean 25.2 °C (based on 192 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00183 - 0.01143), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 117 [51, 281] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.38 [0.70, 2.97] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.6, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.21 [0.10, 0.47] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.5 [3.8, 23.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 254 [71, 879] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.62 [0.94, 2.91] mg/100g (wet weight);