Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Chaenopsidae
(Pike-, tube- and flagblennies)
Etymology: Acanthemblemaria: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, emblema, -atos, anything that is nailed, knocked in; also anything with bass or high relief (Ref. 45335); atrata: Name from Latin meaning 'dressed in black', referring to its unique dark color morhp (Ref. 81029)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 31 m (Ref. 81029), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Central Pacific: Cocos Island (Costa Rica).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81029); 3.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 22 - 25;
soft rays: 23 - 26;
Vertebrae: 40 - 43. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 1-2 pairs of large iridescent blue spots on the upper lip; relatively small body size; 2 common pores (sensory pores between the mandibular and preopercular series); a closed wedge of spines on the posterior part of the frontal; 2 rows of interorbital spines, the outer one continuous; D XXII-XXV,11-14 (35-37 total dorsal-fin elements; A II,23-26 (Ref. 81029).
A small benthic reef fish which is common in shallow water, but also occurs to depths of at least 31 meters (Ref. 81029). Oviparous (Ref. 56066). Eggs are attached to the walls of the parent's shelter and are brooded by the male parent (Ref. 56066).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 56066). Males guard the eggs until they hatch (Ref. 56066).
Hastings, P.A. and D.R. Robertson, 1999. Acanthemblemaria atrata and Acanthemblemaria mangognatha, new species of eastern Pacific barnacle blennies (Chaenopsidae) from Isla de Coco, Costa Rica, and Islas Revillagigedo, Mexico, and their relationships with other barnacle blennies. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 25(3-4):107-118. (Ref. 81029)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00183 - 0.01143), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .