Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335); biharicus: Named for the Bihar Counties (there are counties with this name in both Romania and Hungary), where the species is almost exclusively distributed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Sebes-Körös River, Danube River basin in Hungary and Romania; presumably in Fekete-Körös River (Crişul Negru) and Fehér-Körös River (Crişul Alb).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106510)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Barbus biharicus can be distinguished by having significantly larger interorbital and preanal distance than B. balcanicus, B. carpathicus and B. petenyi, and significantly deeper head than B. carpathicus and B. petenyi. Compared to these 3 species, it has a tendency to have shorter, rounded snout, slightly longer pectoral fins, but slightly shorter anal fin. It can be further identified by having small dark spots on dorsal region of body and flanks and, to a lesser extent, head, and dark pigments on the fins occasionally form dark spots (the other species have heavy dark spots, which typically are arranged into rows on dorsal and caudal fins) (Ref. 106510).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Antal, L., B. László, P. Kotlík, A. Mozsár, I. Czeglédi, M. Oldal, G. Kemenesi, F. Jakab and S.A. Nagy, 2016. Phylogenetic evidence for a new species of Barbus in the Danube River basin. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 96:187-194. (Ref. 106510)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00350 - 0.01307), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .