Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
() > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 300 m (Ref. 117245), usually 4 - ? m (Ref. 117245). Polar; 82°N - 46°N, 35°E - 44°W (Ref. 117245)
Nearly circumpolar along Arctic coasts of Asia and North America. North Pacific: northern part of Bering Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4695)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 90 - 93. Pelvic fins small (Ref. 4695). 9-11 light cross-bands separated by slightly broader dark bands; peritoneum light (Ref. 4695).
Found on muddy bottoms (Ref. 4695). Buries into the mud tail first (Ref. 4695). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates (Ref. 4695); mainly of amphipods (Ref. 5951).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Andriashev, A.P., 1986. Zoarcidae. p. 1130-1150. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.6 - 1.6, mean -0.9 °C (based on 2244 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00240 (0.00116 - 0.00496), b=3.24 (3.06 - 3.42), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .